A lot of my students ask me before we start classes "How do one start learning Polish" or "What do you need to know to be A1 in Polish?". This seems like a very basic questions but it's not! Especially knowing so many of you don't know where they are going with the language! It sounds like language learning motivation murder!
Structure is the master of learning. Honestly, you shouldn't even start learning any language if you don't know a) what is your goal b) what is your plan c) how you will get there.
OK, enough being grumpy! Cheer up guys because I've prepare a list for you! The list is based on official "Programy nauczania języka polskiego jako obcego A1-C2"* so don't think I made it up ;)
WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW TO BE A1 IN POLISH
- Grammar cases (endings and use) except Dative and Vocative
- cardinal numbers (jeden, dwa trzy),
- ordinal numbers (pierwszy, drugi, trzeci)
- personal pronouns (ja, ty, on...),
- possessive pronouns (mój, twój, nasz...),
- question words: (kto? co? jaki? jaka? jakie?, który?, która?, które?, czyj? czyja?, czyje?),
- All conjugations of verbs Present Tense (-m/-sz, -ę/-isz\-ysz, -ę/-esz)
- Past and Future Tense
- Aspect of verbs in Past and Future Tense
- Imperative (but only the formal form: "Proszę powtórzyć!")
- Conditional only in most common life situation, so basicaly verb "chcieć" ("Chciałbym herbatę.")
- Verbs of movement (only: chodzić, iść, pójść ; jeździć, jechać, pojechać)
- Adverbs - you need to know how to create adverb from an adjective (dobry -> dobrze; drogi -> drogo)
- Conjunctions: (i, ale, a, albo, lub, lecz ; bo, że, czy, ponieważ)
- Prepositions - the most common prepositions with cases except Dative and Vocative Case.
- PERSON: basic data, appearance, clothes, personality, emotions
- FAMILY: family members
- EVERY DAY LIFE
- FREE TIME & HOBBY
- APARTMENT (rooms, furniture, adjectives, location)
- PLACES (places in the town and their location)
- TRANSPORT (means of transportation)
- WORK (basic professions and places)
- EDUCATION ( types of schools, stationary)
- FOOD (basic products, meals, drinks, kitchen tools, places to eat)
- SHOPPING & SERVICES (shops, service points, products, basic units, money)
- HEALTH (hygiene, sickness, body parts)
- NATURE (basic animals and plants, weather, cardinal points)
USE OF POLISH (WHAT YOU NEED TO BE ABLE TO EXPRESS)
- greetings, farewells, introduction, expressing mood, thanking, apologizing, inviting, wishing
- asking for information and naming objects
- agreement and disagreement, asking for a favor
- expressing sureness, possibility, ability and need
- expressing approval and disapproval
- expressing contentment, preference, surprise, wish
- expressing time, quality, amount, features, possession, location, direction
Did you like this post? Please share it with others who study or want to start their adventure with Polish!
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The list was shortened, simplified, paraphrased and translated by me but it comes from:
*Janowska I., Lipińska E., Rabiej A., Seretny A., Turek P., "Programy nauczania języka polskiego jako obcego. Poziomy A1-C2, Praca zbiorowa pod redakcją Władysława Miodunki", Księgarnia Akademicka, Kraków, 2011
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